|Mid Term Exam
This exam covers chapters 1 through 8. Please make sure you email your answers to me no later than 11PM, 3-9-08 (Sunday) by submitting your work through the following web site: www.OnlineTeachingNetwork.com. I will not accept late submissions. Additionally, I want to provide you with some constructive advice. First, the questions are in essay form so that you can elaborate on all questions and answers in length. I'm looking for "in-depth" analysis of each question. That means your answers must be significant in nature and include quality and quantity. Providing me with a brief overview is not what I'm looking for. Be specific and cover all the material that has been requested from the questions presented. Make certain that you exhaust every piece of information. That means you can use outside references, just make sure you tell me where you derived the information. I do not want to test your memory, rather, I want to test your mind and see that you understand the material.
Once again, please make certain to give each question a thorough analysis. Before writing your answer, think it over. Ask yourself about the five W's, i.e., who, what, why, when, where. Half an answer to the question is not enough. Give examples and/or personal testimony where appropriate that will help me to understand where you might be coming from.
I look forward to reviewing your test answers.
1. Explain the difference between one-way communication and two-way communication.
2. Identify and briefly explain the seven elements of the speech communication process. Include in your answer a sketch of the complete speech communication model presented in the textbook. Be sure to label each part of the model.
3. Briefly discuss the impact of cultural diversity on the speechmaking process.
4. What is ethnocentrism? Why does it often pose a barrier to speakers who are addressing audiences of different racial, cultural, or ethnic background from the speaker? Identify two steps a speaker can take to avoid ethnocentrism in her or his speech.
5. Explain two reasons why it is important from an ethical standpoint for a public speaker to be fully prepared for each speech.
6. What are the three types of plagiarism discussed in your textbook? Give a hypothetical example of each type.
7. Explain the following statement: Speechmaking is a two-way street. Just as public speakers have ethical responsibilities, so too do listeners.
8. Identify and explain the three guidelines for ethical listening discussed in your textbook.
9. Explain the following statement: It is important to keep in mind that ensuring a persons freedom to express her or his ideas does not imply agreement with those ideas. You can disagree entirely with the message but still support the speakers right to express it.
10. What is meant by listening too hard? How does it affect the listening process?
11. Imagine that you are listening to a speech about hurricanes. Explain how a key-word outline method of note taking might enhance your listening and recall of the speech.
12. Identify and explain five of the methods discussed in your textbook for becoming a better listener. Give examples of each.
13. What are the characteristics of a well-worded central idea? Explain why each characteristic is important.
14. Imagine that you have been asked to inform a local community group about life as a college student. In a well-developed essay, describe what your general purpose, specific purpose, and central idea would be for this speech. Then draft three main points for a speech on this topic.
15. What are the three types of questions for audience analysis questionnaires discussed in your text? Give an example of each type and explain the advantages and disadvantages of each.
16. As your textbook states, There are two major stages in the process of audience adaptationthe first occurs before the speech, as part of your preparation and rehearsal; the second occurs during the presentation of the speech itself. In a well-developed essay, discuss the steps a speaker might take in adapting her or his speech to the audience in each of these stages.
17. Your textbook describes six steps an interviewer should take during a research interview to help make the interview process go smoothly. In a well-developed essay, identify and explain four of these steps.
18. Each of the following statements violates at least one of the criteria for effective supporting materials. Explain the flaw (or flaws) in each statement.
a. According to the Department of Health and Human Services, last year there were 6,157,246 students enrolled in American colleges and universities. For the first time in American history, women outnumbered men on campus52 percent to 48 percent. Moreover, a recent magazine reports that 35 percent of all college students are now over the age of thirty.
b. A random poll taken recently in Washington, D.C., showed that 78 percent of those interviewed opposed term limitations on U.S. senators and representatives. Clearly, then, the American people oppose such limitations.
c. In the words of one observer, As we enter the new millennium, the American public school system is just not working as it should. For example, in 1979 national test scores in English, math, and science were all lower than in 1969. As further evidence, test scores in the local school district declined by 10 percent during the 1980s.
19. For speeches with the following specific purpose statements, what organizational pattern of main points would be most appropriate? Explain your choice in each case.
a. To inform my audience of the major stages in the development of professional baseball.
b. To inform my audience about the interior design of a medieval castle.
c. To persuade my audience that consumer fraud in America is a serious problem that requires action at both the state and federal levels.
d. To inform my audience about the three basic moves in tae kwon do.
e. To inform my audience how to paint the exterior of a house.
20. What is wrong with the following set of main points for a speech about preventive medicine? Explain the problem and then rewrite the main points to solve it.
I. The first basic step in preventive medicine is maintaining a well-balanced diet.
II. Learning how to cope with stress is another basic step in preventive medicine.
III. The third basic step in preventive medicine is keeping a regular exercise program.
Online Teaching Network. All Right Reserved, 2007.